足球比分直播

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種植技術

 

  一、藤椒苗床選擇:藤椒苗床地選地:

  (1)DISHI。XUANZEBUYIJISHUI,YOUNENGJIAOGUAN,TONGFENGTOUGUANGDEDIFANG。

足球比分直播  (2)TURANG。TURANGSHIMIAOMUSHENGCHANGHAOHUAIDEJICHU。TURANGJIEGOU、TUZHI、FEILIQIANGDUDOUZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOMIAOMUDESHENGCHANGFAYU。WEICI,YAOXUANZETUCENGSHENHOU、SHUSONG、FEIWO、SHIRUN、PAISHUILIANGHAODEDIFANG。TENGJIAODUITURANGSUANJIANDUYAOQIUBUYAN,ZAIZHONGXINGHUOSUANXINGTURANGZHONGSHENGCHANGLIANGHAO,ZAISHANDIGAIZHITURANGZHONGSHENGCHANGLIANGHAO。

  (3)SHUIFEN。TENGJIAOZAIMIAOQISHENGCHANGZHONGYEXUYAOCHONGZUDESHUIFEN,SUOYIXUANMIAODIYAOYOUSHUIYUANTIAOJIAN。QIEQIANCHAZUOWUYIDOUKELEIWEIHAO,BUKEZHONGCHA。 BOQIANJINGXIZHENGDI,DASUITUKUAI,ZUODAOSHANGXUXIASHI。JIEHESHENFANZHENGDI,MEI667PINGFANGMI(1MU)SHIRUFUSHUYOUJIFEI2000GONGJIN、NIAOSU8~10GONGJIN、GUOLINSUANGAI30~40GONGJIN、CAOMUHUI50GONGJINHUOLIUSUANJIA10~15GONGJIN。ZAIJINGXIZHENGDIDEJICHUSHANGZUOQI,QIKUAN1~1.2MI、CHANG6~10MI。

  (4)MIAODIDEZHENGLI。MIAODIYIDINGYAOSHENFAN,ZHENGPINGZHENGXI,RANGSHENCENGTURANGSHUHUA,ZENGQIANGTURANGDETONGTOUXINGNENG,TIGAOBAOFEIBAOSHUINENGLI,ZHIYOUZHEYANGCAINENGYUCHUHAOMIAOZHUANGMIAO。

足球比分直播  (5)TENGJIAOBOZHONGFANGFA:TENGJIAOZAIZHUNBEIHAODEYUMIAOQINEIKAIGOU,GOUJIANJU20~25LIMI、SHEN4~5LIMI、GOUKUAN8~9LIMI,GOUDITAPING,JIANGZHONGZIJUNYUNSARUGOUNEI,BOHOUGOUSHANGFUTU。MEI667PINGFANGMIBOZHONGLIANG5~6GONGJIN。BOQIYIBANZAI9YUEZHI10YUE。

  二、藤椒苗期管理:

足球比分直播  ①TENGJIAOJIANMIAO、DINGMIAO。DANGYOUMIAOCHANGDAO3~4LIMIGAO、YOU3~4PIANZHENXIESHIJINXINGJIANMIAO;DANGMIAOGAODADAO10LIMISHIDINGMIAO,MIAOJU5LIMIZUOYOU,MEI667PINGFANGMILIUMIAO2WAN~3WANZHU。

  ②TENGJIAOJISHIGUANSHUI、PAILAO。

足球比分直播  ③TENGJIAOSHISHIZHUIFEI,CUMIAOZAOFA。

  ④TENGJIAOZHONGGENGSONGTU,GAISHANTURANGTONGTOUXING,QINGCHUMIAOCHUANGZACAO。

足球比分直播  ⑤TENGJIAOFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAI,BAOZHENGTENGJIAOYOUMIAOJIANZHUANGSHENGCHANG。

  三、藤椒苗木準備:

足球比分直播  WEILETIGAOMIAOMUCHENGHUOLV,ZAIQIMIAOYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONGYINGYANGEZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:

  ①TENGJIAOQIMIAOBIXUYONGCHUTOUWA,CHUIZHIGENCHANGDUBUNENGDIYU20LIMI;BAOZHENGXUGENJIAOWANZHENG,YANJINYONGSHOUBA。

  ②TENGJIAOQIMIAOHOULIJIJINXINGFENJI、DINGLIANGDAKUN、BAOZHUANG。

足球比分直播  ③TENGJIAOZHUANGCHEHOUBIXUYONGPENGBU、BOMOBAOGAIHAOMIAOMU,YIMIANYUNSHUTUZHONGSHISHUI。④TENGJIAOMIAOMUYUNDAOZAIZHIDIHOUYINGJIANCHAMIAOMUSHIFOUZHENGCHANG,RUYOUSHISHUI,YINGJIANGQIFANGZAISHUILIJIN1~1.5XIAOSHI。

  四、分布情況

  GUONEIFENBU:ZHONGGUODALUSHANDONG、GANSUNANBU、SHANXI、HENAN、JIANGSU、ANHUI、ZHEJIANG、JIANGXI、FUJIAN、TAIWAN、HUBEI、HUNAN、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、GUIZHOU、SICHUAN(HONGYA、HANYUAN、EMEISHAN、ZIYANG)、ZHONGQINGSHI(JIANGJIN)、YUNNANJIXIZANG。

  GUOWAIFENBU:RIBEN、CHAOXIAN、YUENAN、LAOZHUA、MIANDIAN、YINDU、NIBOERYEYOUFENBU。

  五、播種后的管理:播種后的主要管理措施有覆膜或覆草、澆溉、施肥、松土、除草和病蟲防治。

足球比分直播  (1)FUGAI:BAOCHIXIANGMIANTURANGSHIDUHEWENDU、FANGZHITURANGBANJIEHENIAOSHOUWEIHAI,YONGNONGMOCAIYONGGONGPENGFUGAI;YEKEYONGDAOCAOFUGAI,DANXIAOGUOBURUNONGMO。JINGFUGAIHOUDEMIAOCHUANGCHUMIAOZAOERQI,DANGMIAOGAO4—5LIMISHIJINXINGJIANMIAO,JIANMIBUXI,RANGYOUMIAOJUNYUNFENBU。

  (2)JIAOGAI:WEILEBAOZHENGMIAOMUSHENGCHANGDESHUIFENGONGYING,BUNENGDENGMIAOMUWEINIANLECAIJIAOSHUI。YIBANDANGTUBIAOCENG5LIYIXIACHUXIANGANZAOJIUYAOMASHANGJIAOSHUI。

足球比分直播  (3)SHIFEI:TENGJIAOMIAOQIZHUYAOYIYOUJIFEIPEISUXIAODANFEI(NIAOSU)WEIZHU,NENGPEIYONGSHENGWUFEILIAOGENGHAO。FANGFASHIXIANJIANGNIAOSUHUOQITASHENGWUFEILIAOJUNYUNSAZAIMIAOCHUANGSHANG,RANHOUSHIRUFENQINGSHUI。ZHUYI:MIAOQISHIFEIYAOSHAOCHIDUOCAN,SHAOSHIQINSHI,BUYAOSHIXINHENFEI,YIMIANZAOCHENGFEIHAI。ZAIMIAOQIHUANYAOBUDINGSHIDISHIGENWAIZHUIFEI。JIUSHIYONGHANYOUDAN、LIN、JIA、TIE、MEI、MENG、TONGDEWEILIANGYUANSU。

  (4)SONGTUCHUCAO:JISHISONGTU,JICHULECAO,YOUBAOCHILEMIAODIYOULIANGHAODETONGTOUXING,JIANSHAOSHUIFENZHENGFA,CUJINQITIJIAOHUAN,CUSHIMIAOMUNENGKUAISUSHENGCHANG。JISHICHUCAOJINENGJIANSHAOBINGCHONGHAIFASHENG,YOUBIMIANLEZACAOYUMIAOMUZHENGFEI。

  (5)RONGQIYUMIAO:YOUTIAOJIANDEKECAIYONGRONGQIYUMIAO,RUZHIZHIYINGYANGDAI、SULIAOMOYINGYANGDAI、YINGYANGZHUANDENGFANGFAYUMIAO。

  (6)ZHENMUDEXUANZE:NENGYIYESHENGHUAJIAOYOUSHUZUOZHENMU,JUYOUQINHENENGLIQIANG、GAOKANGBINGCHONGHAIDETEDIAN。YEKEYONGGONGTIEJINXING。KEXIAOMIAODIJIE,YEKELAOSHUGAOJIE。

  (7)JIAJIEFANGFA:NENGYIYESHENGHUAJIAOYOUSHUZUOZHENMU,JUYOUQINHENENGLIQIANG、GAOKANGBINGCHONGHAIDEKEYONGYAJIE、ZHIJIE、QIEJIE、FUJIE、PIJIEDENGFANGFADOUKEYI,JUTIFANGFAGENJUSUOJIAJIEDESHULINGERDING。

  六、花椒苗病蟲害防治

  ⒈GENFUBING。GENFUBINGSHIJIAOLEIZHIWUFASHENGPUBIANDEBINGHAI,CONGCHENGNIANSHUZHIMIAOPUJUNKEFASHENG。ZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGSHIBUBIANSEFULAN,YOUYICHOUWEI,GENPIYUMUZHIFENLI,MUZHICHENGHEISE;DISHANGBUFENXIEPIANBIANXIAO、BIANHUANG、ZHITIAOFAYUBUQUAN、GUOSHIBIANXIAO,FABINGYANZHONGSHIQUANZHUSIWANG。

足球比分直播  FANGZHIFANGFA:⑴YIDINGYAOXUANZEPAISHUITIAOJIANLIANGHAODEDIKUAIZAIZHITENGJIAO;⑵BAHAOMIAOQIDEYUFANGYUZHILIAO。ZAIMIAOPUNEIYONG15%FENXIULING500—800BEIYEYUFANG。⑶YONG70%JIAJITUOBUJIN500—800BEIYEJIAOGEN,YONG15%FENXIULING500—800BEIYEJIAOGEN。

足球比分直播  ⒉GANFUBING。GAIBINGYINQISHUTIZAOQILUOXIE,SHENGCHANGBUZHENGCHANG。FABINGBUWEIYIQIGANWEIZHU,BINGBANCHENGSHIFUZHUANG。BINGBUHESE,BOLISHIKEJIANBAISEJUNSI。

  FANGZHIFANGFA:⑴QINGCHUKUZHI、BINGZHI。⑵PENSHI70%JIAJITUOBUJIN400—800BEIYEHUO50%DUOJUNLING500BEIYE,YOUYIDINGLIAOXIAO。

  ⒊HEBANBING。⑴HEBANBINGWEIHAIZHENGZHUANGJICHUANRANTUJING,ZHUYAOWEIHAIXIEPIAN。BINGBANZAISHUTIXIANYOUXIAERSHANGZHUBUMANYAN,ZAOCHENGZAOQILUOXIE。

  FANGZHIFANGFA:⑴DONGCHUNQINGYUAN。⑵FABINGCHUQIYONG70%JIAJITUOBUJIN800BEIYEHUO50%DUOJUNLING600BEIYEPENWU。

  七、花椒苗常見蟲害

  ⒈FENGDIE。CHENGCHONGTICHANG25—30HAOMI,SHENTIHUANGLVSE,XIANGDOUXIEHUANG。

  FANGZHIFANGFA:⑴RENGONGBUZHUOCHENGCHONG。⑵YOUCHONGQIPEN80%DIBAICHONG800BEIYEHUO2.5%DISHASI2000BEIYE。JIANGE10—15TIANYICI。LIANPENERCI。

  ⒉YACHONG。CHONGTIHUANGLVHUOHUANGSE,QIUJIWEISHENLVSE。WEIYOUCHITAISHENGCIYA。YINIANFASHENG20—30DAI,WEIHAIYANZHONG。

  FANGZHIFANGFA:ZAOCHUNFUHUAQIJISHIPENYAO。KEXUANYONG2.5%DISHASI2000BEIYE、YASHIJING2000BEIYEPENWU,DONGJIPEN3—5DUSHILIUHEJI。

  ⒊TIANNIU。CHENGCHONG19—24HAOMI,HEISE。2—3NIANFASHENGYIDAI。ZHUYAOYIYOUCHONGZAISHUPINEIQUSHI,5—6YUEFENJINRUMUZHIBU、YANZHONGSUNHUAISHUTISHENGCHANG。

  FANGZHIFANGFA。⑴4YUEYOUCHONGQIYONGDAOZIGUADIAOWEIHAIBUFENDESHUPI,HUOZAI5YUEYONGGANGSIGOUSHAYIZHURUMUZHIDEYOUCHONG。⑵8YUEZHONGXUNRENGONGBUZHUOZHENGCHANJIAOPEIDECHENGCHONG,⑶YAOWUFANGZHI,YONG80%DIDIWEIRUYOU500BEIYEZHURUCHONGKONG,RANHOUYONGNITUFENGBICHONGKONG,XIAOGUOLIANGHAO。 [5]

  八、主要價值

  TENGJIAOYONGTUGUANGFAN,JINGJIJIAZHIHENGAO。GONGYESHANGHEHUAJIAOYONGTUYIYANGXIANYONGYUZHIRUNHUAJI,YOUQIHEFEIZAODENG。GUOZUOSHIPINDIAOWEIJIFANGFUJI。

  YAOYONGJIAZHI

  GEN、JING、XIE、GUOJIZHONGZIJUNYAOYONG,KEQUFENGSANHAN、XINGQIZHITONG,ZHIFENGSHIXINGGUANJIEYAN、YATONG、DIEDAZHONGTONG,YOUZUOQUCHONGJIJIZUIYUJI。

  SHANSHIJIAZHI

  TENGJIAOYOU,SEZELIANGLI。KOUWEIQINGSHUANG,MAXIANGNONGYU,MAWEIMIANCHANG,BIHUAJIAOYOUGENGXIANG,GENGMA,GENGSHENGTAI,SHIBINGUAN,FANDIAN,JIATINGDELIXIANGRICHANGDIAOWEIPIN。


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